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Investing in Graphene

In 2004, two scientists from the University of Manchester, Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, discovered a novel nanoparticle called Graphene. The discovery was so significant that they later received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2010 for their discovery.

What is graphene?

The simplest explantion is that graphene can be described as a one-atom thick layer of the mineral graphite. Or as described on Wikipedia:

Graphene_Picture

Graphene is an atomic-scale honeycomb lattice made of carbon atoms.

 What is so great about graphene? Mainly that it has some extraordinary properties:

The material sounds too good to be true which is why there has been a great deal of media about Graphene’s potential over the recent years.

Graphene Uses

The list of applications sounds similiar to those proposed by other nanoparticles such as carbon nanotubes. The possibilities span many industries. For energy, improved solar cells, increased electrical storage, and more efficent batteries. For electronics, faster transistors, superior LEDs, and foldable displays. For biosciences, better drug delivery and tissue engineering.

Graphene Patents

As of February 2013 there are 8,416 published patent applications relating to graphene. At the end of 2012, China had the most patents with 2,200 and the US ranked second with 1,754 patents.

The number of patent families help by the top-12 applicants can be seen as follows:

Top-12-Graphene-Patent-Families

Source: UK Intellectual Property Office

Samsun’s heavy IP leadership position and close collaboration with Sungkyunkwan University (number two holder) holds promise in bringing graphene closer to commercialization. In 2010, Samsung and Sungkyunkwan University unveiled a prototype of the world’s largest flexible display, a 25” (63cm) flexible touchscreen made with graphene. A quarter of Samsung’s graphene patents published in 2012 relate to graphene-based LEDs. One advantage of adding graphene to LEDs is that a graphene quantum-dot light emitting material (as disclosed in a number of patents) addresses the cadium problem Samsung has been trying to solve which we discussed in an earlier article titled Nanosys Focuses in on Displays and Energy Storage.

Commercialization

The below statment made by the UK Intellectual Property Office regarding the dominance of patents held by acadamia implies widespread commercialization is still a ways away:

Patents for high-tech areas are generally dominated by academia in the early stages of development and the corporate sector grows and dominates as the technology is commercialised. A well-developed technology area would corporate domination of about 80%. At present the corporate and academia split is roughly the same. This supports the media reports which suggest that graphene is struggling to make its first commercial breakthrough into a consumer application because it is hard to make it in large enough quantities for practical uses. An increasing amount of research in academia is required to make this final step to commercialisation in real-world applications.

Like carbon nanotubes, graphene is a nanoparticle that shows superior properties but this does not neccesarily mean it will automatically become an enabler for various disruptive applications.

How do I Invest in the Graphene Story?

For public investors, there do not seem to be many options for investing in the graphene story at present. There are of course the bucket of junior mining companies that are quick to mention their production of graphite, however it is the production of graphene that is difficult at this time, not the acquisition of the raw material graphite at present. Undoubtedly many OTC companies will begin adding the word “Graphene” to their names, issue lots of promising press releases, make private placements to keep the company afloat for a while, then disappear.

However there are a few legitimate companies we will look at in a future articles that may provide some exposure to the graphene story including an small cap UK graphene, a 1-billion market cap materials company involved in graphite, and a 60-million market cap that claims to offer a complete solution to accelerate the commercialization of graphene.

UPDATE 4/17/2014 Applied Graphene Materials and Haydale have both had an IPO on the UK exchange AIM. Vorbeck, XG Sciences,  and Angstron are also private companies that manufacture bulk graphene.

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  • Graphene 3D Lab Inc. has received and successfully assembled an industrial-scale thermoplastic extruder line to be used in the production of conductive graphene filament. The equipment, which has a production capacity of up to 10 kilograms per hour of 3-D printer filament, is now operational and has been tested for the production of specialty filaments.

    The installation of an industrial-scale extruder in first quarter of 2015 is in line with the milestones established in the company’s business plan. Sales of conductive graphene filament are expected to begin before the end of the first quarter of 2015.

    New Graphene Development:

    Graphene 3D chief executive officer Daniel Stolyarov commented: “The Graphene 3D team has worked tirelessly to begin commercial production of our materials. We are excited to now be making the transition from developing the materials in our research lab to beginning industrial-scale production and moving forward to revenue generation. I am personally looking forward to offering our filaments to customers and to receiving their feedback on our products. Graphene 3D plans to continue expansion of production capacity in the near future, as we anticipate growing demand for our materials.”

  • This is really interesting. I have access to Flaky Graphite deposits in two African countries, and I’m looking for an investor. Concessions already secured. Even Graphite buyers can contact me. We can offer on the basis of FOB.

    Thank you,
    Martin Titus

    • Nanalyze

      Hi Martin,

      The whole premise of the article was that investing in graphite is not a play on graphene. We couldn’t think of anything more risky to do with our money right now than investing in African mining companies.

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